NRL News

British Columbia Supreme Court rules fluids and food are basic personal care

by | Feb 3, 2014


By Alex Schadenberg, executive director, Euthanasia Prevention Coalition

Basic personal care

Basic personal care

Editor’s note. For a more extensive background on the case of Margaret Bentley, go here.

In “Bentley v Maplewood Seniors Care Society,” the British Columbia (BC) Supreme Court today rendered a significant decision in favor of protecting vulnerable people at risk of significant abuse by way of the withdrawal of fluids and food.

The Euthanasia Prevention Coalition (EPC) intervened in the Bentley case and we are pleased with this clear and well thought out decision. We argued that a world-wide consensus recognizes that fluids and food received orally does not constitute medical treatment but rather basic personal care. The court endorsed our submission.

The court made clear that normal feeding by spoon is not healthcare but is rather basic personal care under BC Health Care Consent law.

The court reviewed the regime of consent requirements and advance directives and determined that no such directive was applicable in the circumstances of this case. The court further decided that withholding fluids and food in these circumstances would represent basic neglect that is prohibited by law.

The court concludes as follows:

1. Mrs. Margaret Bentley is capable of making the decision to accept oral nutrition and hydration and is providing consent through her behavior when she accepts nourishment and liquids;

2. The assistance with feeding that she is currently receiving must continue;

3. The provision of oral nutrition and hydration by prompting with a glass or spoon is a form of personal care, not health care within the meaning of the HCCCFA Act [Health Care Consent and Care Facility Admission Act];

4. Neither the 1991 Statement of Wishes nor the Second Statement of Wishes constitute a valid representation agreement or advance directive;

5. Even if Mrs. Bentley was found incapable of making the decision to accept oral nutrition and hydration, I am not satisfied that the British Columbia legislature intended to allow reference to previously expressed wishes or substitute decision makers to be relied on to refuse basic personal care that is necessary to preserve life;

6. Withdrawing oral nutrition and hydration for an adult that is not capable of making that decision would constitute neglect within the meaning of the Adult Guardianship Act.

This appeared today at

Categories: Euthanasia