NRL News

High Court yet to rule on law abridging Pregnancy Help Centers’ free speech rights

by | Jun 6, 2018

By Dave Andrusko

On Monday when the Supreme Court dismissed a decision by the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit which allowed an undocumented 17 year girl to abort, it was not only good news (the appeals court’s faulty decision could not be used as a precedent), it also reminded us that there was another abortion-related case the justices have yet to rule on.

On March 20 an openly skeptical Supreme Court heard oral arguments in National Institute of Family and Life Advocates v. Becerra, a much-anticipated free speech case.

In a nutshell under the umbrella of the so-called “Reproductive FACT Act,” the state of California is requiring both pregnancy help centers that offer medical services and those who don’t (as one attorney put it) to “act as a ventriloquist’s dummy for a government message”—abortion.

They are either required to post signage that the state offers free abortions, or (for those pregnancy help centers that do not offer medical services) signage that announces, “This facility is not licensed as a medical facility by the state of California.”

The basic argument for the Reproductive FACT Act is that the pregnancy help centers were allegedly misleading women, a charge for which there is precious little evidence. As for those who were not licensed medical centers, they had an obligation to all-but-scream to pregnant women that they weren’t licensed medical facilities.

Nearly all the justices found ample reason to consider whether the requirements constituted an “undue burden.” Pro-abortion NPR reporter Nina Totenberg wrote

Justice Anthony Kennedy, potentially the swing justice, said the law in certain circumstances would seem to impose an undue burden. He cited a hypothetical example of a billboard in Los Angeles with the words “Choose Life,” paid for by an anti-abortion clinic. Under California’s law, would the ad have to include, as the statute says, the words about the clinic being unlicensed, in large font and in multiple languages?

Yes, it would, said the lawyer for the state. For Kennedy, that seemed to be too much. That, he seemed to say, ended the case for him — the statute is unconstitutional.

The justices made many strong points, including some mirrored lower court judges’ analyses. For example, that the state of California had abundant resources to get its message (about free or low-cost) abortions to the public.

In 2017 Riverside Superior Court Justice Gloria C. Trask granted a temporary injunction for the Scharpen Foundation’s mobile ultrasound unit on that grounds the law violated California’s “freedom of mind” guarantee as laid out in the state’s 1849 Declaration of Rights.

“The State can deliver its message without infringing upon anyone’s liberty,” Trask wrote.

“It may purchase television advertisements as it does to encourage Californians to sign up for Covered California or to conserve water. It may purchase billboard space and post its message directly in front of Scharpen Foundation’s clinic.” (My emphasis.)

Categories: Supreme Court